ZEPPELIN - Longitudinal Study – Early Childhood Intervention, 2. Follow-up

Category Project

Ausgangslage und Ziele

The longitudinal ZEPPELIN study examines the question of whether support from birth increases the educational opportunities of children from socially disadvantaged families. The project thus opens up access to parents with social burdens, the majority of whom have a migration background. With its interdisciplinary orientation and long-standing cooperation with the UZH, this experimental longitudinal study from birth to young adulthood is unique in Europe. The sample, design and methodology lead to a rich and unique pool of data in Switzerland, which will be made publicly accessible via FORS in accordance with the SNSF Open Access Policy.  

Project Management

Peter Klaver Title Prof. Dr.


Head of Centre for Research and Knowledge Transfer / Professor

Alex Neuhauser Title Dr. phil.


Senior Researcher


  • Duration
  • Neue Projektnummer

Methodological approach

The study with a controlled trial design (RCT) examines the long-term effectiveness of the «PAT - Learning with Parents» support programme by comparing families from the intervention group (n = 132) with a control group without PAT (n = 116). The aim of the support programme is to strengthen the «family as a place of learning» by means of home visits (twice a month) and group activities (monthly) during the first three years after the birth of the child.

After the baseline data collection in the third month of life, characteristics of the children, parents, parent-child interactions and the school class were recorded at annual measurement points around the 1st, 2nd and 3rd birthdays (ZEPPELIN 0-3) and in kindergarten and the 1st primary school class (ZEPPELIN 5-8). The longitudinal study is now being continued as planned with the second follow-up (2021-2024) supported by the SNSF (ZEPPELIN 9-13).

Results to date

The first research phase, ZEPPELIN 0-3, was successfully completed in 2016 and demonstrated the positive effects of PAT at the age of 3. In ZEPPELIN 5-8, the positive effects were again demonstrated at kindergarten age, such as better language skills and less problem behaviour. In the current follow-up (2021-2024), the long-term effects of early support in primary school will be analysed.

Brief summary of the results: see Download-Documents (further below)

Research phases

Previous Research phases:

Aktuelle Forschungsphase:

  • «ZEPPELIN 9-13» (Transition secondary school I, 2021-2024, resp. 2026)

In Planung:

  • «ZEPPELIN 15-16» (Transition secondary school II, 2027-2028)
  • «ZEPPELIN 20» (Tertiary level, 2031-2033). 

Research Advisory Board

  • Prof. Dr. med. Oskar Jenni, Children's Hospital Zurich, Developmental Paediatrics
  • Dr. Heidi Simoni, Marie Meierhofer Institute for the Child Zurich
  • Prof. Dr. Margrit Stamm, University Fribourg (until 2019)
  • Prof. Dr. Daniel Schunk, University Mainz (since 2019)
  • Prof. Dr. Ute Ziegenhain, Ulm University Hospital
  • Prof. Dr. Ulrich Trautwein, University Tübingen

Opening lecture by Prof Dr Andrea Lanfranchi at the 21st Early Intervention Symposium VIFF

PAT - Conference Maryland/USA 12.2021, online presentation Patsawee Rodcharoen



  • Lanfranchi, A., & Rodcharoen, P.
    Migrationsfamilien als Bildungsort mit früher Förderung stärken.
    Zeitschrift für systemische Therapie und Beratung,
  • Lanfranchi, A.
    Resilienzförderung bei Kindern in belastenden Lebenssituationen.
    punktum - Schweizerischer Berufsverband für Angewandte Psychologie,
  • Lanfranchi, A., Neuhauser, A., Schaub, S., Burkhardt, S. C. A., & Ramseier, E.
    Datensatz und Dokumentation ZEPPELIN 0-3, Förderung ab Geburt: Zürcher Equity Präventionsprojekt Elternbeteiligung und Integration ZEPPELIN 0-3: Migration des ersten Datarelease von 2015.
    SWISSUbase, powered by FORS, UNIL, UZH, Switch, swissuniversities.
  • Törmänen, M., Schaub, S., Ramseier, E., Neuhauser, A., Rodcharoen, P., Kalkusch, I., & Lanfranchi, A.
    Families with Social Burdens and the Cognitive Development and Executive Functions of a Child with Preterm Birth. A Longitudinal Intervention Study
    ECER 2021 Conference (European Conference on Educational Research) «Education and Society: expectations, prescriptions, reconciliations»,
    Online Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Törmänen, M., Schaub, S., Ramseier, E., Neuhauser, A., Rodcharoen, P., Kalkusch, I., & Lanfranchi, A.
    How preterm birth and social burdens of the family are affecting on children`s executive functions?
    19th Biennial EARLI Conference «Education and Citizenship: Learning and Instruction and the Shaping of Futures»,
    Online Göteborg, Sweden.
  • Kalkusch, I., Neuhauser, A., Rodcharoen, P., Schaub, S., Ramseier, E., & Lanfranchi, A.
    ZEPPELIN Frühkindliche Bildung und Schulerfolg – Lernen mit Eltern.
    Input-Referat bei Agogis,
    Zürich, Schweiz.
  • Rodcharoen, P., Oeri, N., Klaver, P., Kalkusch, I., Neuhauser, A., Lanfranchi, A., Schaub, S., Törmänen, M., & Roebers, C. M.
    Self-Regulation Development in At-Risk Families: The Importance of Family Resources
    EARLI SIG5 2022 Conference, Learning and Development in Early Childhood. Changing times in ECEC: New Opportunities for fostering development and improving sustainability,
    Utrecht, Niederlande.
  • Rodcharoen, P., Oeri, N., Klaver, P., Kalkusch, I., Neuhauser, A., Lanfranchi, A., Schaub, S., Törmänen, M., & Roebers, C. M.
    Self-Regulation Development in At-Risk Families in Switzerland: The Importance of Family Resources
    ECER 2022, Education in a changing world,
    Yerevan, Armenien.
  • Lanfranchi, A., Schaub, S., Neuhauser, A., Kalkusch, I., & Rodcharoen, P.
    Sostegno precoce in famiglie vulnerabili: Risultati del follow-up dello studio longitudinale ZEPPELIN nel periodo della scolarizzazione: Early support in vulnerable families: Follow-up results of the longitudinal ZEPPELIN-study in the school enrollement
    Kongress 2022 der Schweiz. Gesellschaft für Bildungsforschung (SGBF),
    Lausanne, Schweiz.
  • Lanfranchi, A.
    Frühförderung und Chancengerechtigkeit.
    Kantonalkonferenz der Lehrerinnen und Lehrer Zyklus 1,
    Schaffhausen, Schweiz.
  • Lanfranchi, A.
    Eltern als Angelpunkt des Schulerfolgs – was tun, wenn die Türe klemmt?
    Kantonaler Lehrerinnen- und Lehrerverband SG,
    Murg (SG), Schweiz.
  • Kalkusch, I., Neuhauser, A., Rodcharoen, P., Schaub, S., Ramseier, E., & Lanfranchi, A.
    Home-based early childhood interventions: Effects of Parents as Teachers on Child Outcomes in the first Grade of Primary School
    ECER 2022,
    Yerevan, Armenien.
  • Kalkusch, I., Schaub, S., Neuhauser, A., Rodcharoen, P., Törmänen, M., Ramseier, E., & Lanfranchi, A.
    Home-based Early Intervention Program: Longitudinal Development of Children from Psychosocially Disadvantaged Families
    SLLS International Annual Conference,
    Case Western Reserve University, Ohio, USA.
  • Lanfranchi, A., & Kalkusch, I.
    Armut und Bildungsmangel mit Förderung ab Geburt bekämpfen.
    In F. Saner (Hrsg.),
    Sozialalmanach - Ungleichheit in der Schweiz: Das Caritas-Jahrbuch zur sozialen Lage - Trends, Analysen, Zahlen
    (S. 273–284).
  • Neuhauser, A., Schaub, S., Eberli, R., Kalkusch, I., Rodcharoen, P., Ramseier, E., & Lanfranchi, A.
    Effekte früher Förderung auf sozial-emotionale Kompetenzen bei der Transition in die Schule: Ergebnisse aus der ZEPPELIN Studie
    14. ESE-Konferenz,
    Zürich, Schweiz.
  • Lanfranchi, A.
    Förderung ab Geburt.
  • Lanfranchi, A., & Kalkusch, I.
    L’éducation dès la naissance pour réduire l’inégalité et la pauvreté.
    In Caritas (Hrsg.),
    Almanach social - Inégalités en Suisse
    (1, S. 275–288).
    Èd. Caritas.
  • Lanfranchi, A.
    Programme PAT: un soutien dès la naissance.
  • Rodcharoen, P., Neuhauser, A., Kalkusch, I., & Lanfranchi, A.
    Den feinfühligen Umgang mit Emotionen in belasteten Familien fördern: Ergebnisse aus der ZEPPELIN-Studie
    Internationales Bodensee-Symposium Frühe Kindheit «Mit Emotionen umgehen – Eine Aufgabe für Klein und Gross»,
    Thurgau, Schweiz.
  • Rodcharoen, P., Oeri, N., Klaver, P., Roebers, C. M., Neuhauser, A., Kalkusch, I., & Lanfranchi, A.
    Development of Behavioral Self-Regulation in At-Risk Families: The Role of Family Resources
    Budapest CEU Conference on Cognitive Development (BCCCD) 2023,
    Budapest, Hungary.
  • Rodcharoen, P., Oeri, N., Kalkusch, I., Schaub, S., Neuhauser, A., Lanfranchi, A., & Klaver, P.
    Behavioral Self-Regulation Development in At-Risk Families: A cross-lagged panel model of Early Childhood Resources at ages 1 and 3 on Behavioral Self-Regulation in Preschool
    Jean Piaget Society, 52nd Annual Conference 2023,
    Madrid, Spain.
  • Rodcharoen, P., Kalkusch, I., Schaub, S., Neuhauser, A., Lanfranchi, A., & Klaver, P.
    Schulische Kompetenzen fördern durch frühe Bildung in psychosozial belasteten Familien
    Schweizerische Gesellschaft für Bildungsforschung SGBF 2023,
    Zürich, Schweiz.
  • Neuhauser, A., Kalkusch, I., Rodcharoen, P., Schaub, S., Ramseier, E., & Lanfranchi, A.
    PAT in Switzerland: effectiveness up to school age
    Partents as Teachers International Conference,
    New Orleans, USA.
  • Lanfranchi, A.
    Kinder aus vulnerablen Familien vor Vernachlässigung schützen: Frühförderung ab Geburt mit dem Programm «PAT – Mit Eltern lernen» und der longitudinalen Studie ZEPPELIN.
    Gastvorlesung bei Frau Prof. Tina Hascher, Universität Bern,
    Bern, Schweiz.
  • Lanfranchi, A.
    Früherkennung und Frühförderung bei Kindern in Risikosituationen: Prävention von Entwicklungs-, Gesundheits- und Schulproblemen.
    Tagung Früherkennung im Frühbereich,
  • Lanfranchi, A., Kalkusch, I., Schaub, S., Ramseier, E., Neuhauser, A., Rodcharoen, P., & Klaver, P.
    Effects of early intervention in high-risk families at school age: Results from the longitudinal study ZEPPELIN.
    Second BRISE Conference on Early Childhood Development,
  • Lanfranchi, A.
    Tragfähige Schulen entwickeln.
    Tagung Schulpflege – Schulleitungskonferenz Volketswil,
    Wangen-Brüttisellen, Schweiz.
  • Klaver, P.
    ZEPPELIN - Education from birth for children from disadvantaged families: Effects after the transition to primary school.
    Jacobs Center Seminar Series,
    Zurich, Switzerland.